Saturday, November 13, 2021

Happy Birthday Maharaja Ranjit Singh!

 Maharaja Ranjeet Singh was a Great Sikh Ruler of Undivided Punjab,  He was a Good Administrative , Humble, and religious one.
  He was born on November 13, 1780 and passed away on June 27, 1839.

   Maharja Ranjit Singh first fought in a battle when he was only 10 years old, and at the age of 17, he failed the king of Afghanistan Zaman Shah Durrani's invasion of India.

Zaman Shah Durrani was yet again defeated by Ranjit Singh in the Battle of Amritsar (1797), the Battle of Gujarat in the same year and the Battle of Amritsar the next year.

As a child, Singh suffered from smallpox which resulted in him losing one of his eyes.

5Ranjit captured Lahore in the year 1799, which is also considered as the turning point for the Sikh Empire.

  He was crowned Maharaja in 1801 only at the age of 20.

Maharja Ranjit Singh had eight sons, but he acknowledged only Kharak Singh and Duleep Singh as his biological sons.

 The Sikh Empire, now known as Punjab, was a region spanning the border into modern-day People's Republic of China and Islamic Republic of Afghanistan.

Under his tenure, the Sikh Empire was very secular since it allowed men from different religions as well, to rise to commanding positions of authority.

 His army even included a few Europeans. However, the British were not allowed to join it as it was believed that they have a very inconsistent nature.

In his empire, none of the subjects were discriminated on account of their religion. He never forced Sikhism on non-Sikhs and respected all religions.

The golden part of the Golden Temple and even some of the intricate marble work was done under the aid of Maharaja Ranjit Singh.

 The Sikh army was defeated in the first Anglo-Sikh War and under the terms of the Treaty of Lahore and the Treaty of Bhyroval, all major decisions were made by the British East India Company.

Maharaja Ranjit Singh is remembered for the Koh-i-Noor diamond.

 In 2003, a 22-feet tall bronze statue of Singh was installed in the Parliament of India in his honour. Not only in India but in a French town called Saint Tropez, that had military links with Punjab, installed a bronze bust of Ranjit Singh in 2016 -- and Maharaja is revered worldwide.

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